A sermon preached
on The Fifth Sunday after Trinity
(the Sixth Sunday after Pentecost)
at The Anglican Church of St. Thomas the Apostle, Kefalas, Crete
on July 12, 2020 11:00 am.
The readings were : Genesis 25:19-34, Psalm 119:105-112, and Matthew 13:1-9,18-23.
Did you fight with your siblings, your brother or your sister? “Mom, make him stop, he’s looking at me!” Have any of you served in the military, or come from military families? That’s a different type of fighting. Or perhaps you worked in places where conflict contributed towards it being a toxic environment.
Well, is it not great that in the church we have no conflict?
What, you mean to say there IS conflict in the church?
The Reality of Conflict
Conflict in the church, as in families, and as is the case among nations, is inevitable. We may have a naïve belief that it should not be so in the church, but as long as we have strongly held beliefs AND we are living, breathing human beings, we will be in conflict with one another.
I think Jesus knew this. From the moment the Spirit came upon him at his baptism he was in conflict. Satan attacked him in the desert, and then through the demon-possessed, and finally at his crucifixion. Jesus was in conflict with the people in his home town, and was criticised by the scribes and Pharisees. He was opposed by the religious leaders in Jerusalem, as well as Herod Antipas and Pontius Pilate. He overturned the tables of the money changers in the Temple. In the end he was tortured and executed by the imperial authorities of Rome. Jesus knew the reality of conflict.
Even among his disciples there was conflict. James and John jockeyed for position in the kingdom of heaven. Peter contradicted Jesus about the necessity of his death, and was told. “Get behind me Satan!” Judas betrayed him.
There was conflict in the early church. Paul describes the argument he had with Peter in his Letter to the Galatians. There were divisions in the churches in Corinth and Rome. So conflict is a reality in this broken, fragile, fallen world. If one is speaking truth to power, if one lives God’s way in a way that worships idols, there will be conflict. We do not leave our sinful selves behind when we enter the doors of the church.
The critical issue is not that there is conflict, as challenging as that might be, but how we approach it, because I believe that there is a Christian way of dealing with it. It is a way that is demonstrated in Christ Jesus, in his life and teaching, in his suffering and death, and in his resurrected life.
Let’s think about these two. Jacob is literally at Esau from birth, grabbing at him. Both have their virtues. Esau is a hunter, and a good one. Jacob is clever – but perhaps a little too clever. Indeed, as we read through Genesis, Jacob is the trickster of Israelite tradition, the Loki of the Hebrews, the Raven of the sons of Abraham. They start as brothers, but the ancient Israelites understood Jacob and Esau as being the ancestors of the nations of Israel and Edom, two kingdoms that fought one another. Conflict at one level can escalate to another.
When I became the Executive Officer of the Diocese of British Columbia I became a bit of a crisis and conflict junkie. In parish ministry I was one of those clergy who tried to avoid conflict, which just meant that I handled it poorly. So when I leaped into this senior position I found clergy and lay leaders coming to me for help to manage arguments and disputes in parishes. I really did not have a clue. So, I took a course in conflict management at the local university.
I discovered that there were at least ten levels of escalation of conflict. I was shown how it started small – with parents and children, and then got bigger at the level of neighbourhoods and small organizations, and then to municipalities and labour-management disputes in companies, getting even bigger with states or province, to warring nations. For case studies we looked at the Waco crisis with David Koresh and the Branch Davidians, and the move of South Africa from apartheid to a new constitution. I wrote a long essay on the conflict around the ordination of women in the Anglican Church of Canada, and how that differed from how that issue was managed in the Episcopal Church of the USA and the Church of England. We looked at the 1991 classic on negotiation called “Getting to Yes: Negotiating Agreement Without Giving In.” I learned that, while most of the time one tries to de-escalate a situation, on occasion one would actually escalate the conflict to force an issue. I got really good at conflict, and most of the time I “won”.
However, “winning” was sometimes actually a failure. One can resolve a conflict by overpowering the other side, but you may lose the other side as a brother or sister in Christ. Sometimes that cannot be helped, especially in cases of sexual misconduct where a party absolves themselves of all responsibility despite the preponderance of evidence. But most of the time it can be.
The Unbelievable Comes to Pass
In our time we have seen conflicts resolved and unresolved. We have had an uncomfortable peace in Northern Ireland since 1998. I thought the Troubles would never end, and some folks did their best to undo the Good Friday Agreement, but here we are, twenty-two years later. Growing up, did we ever think that the Iron Curtain would fall as peacefully as it did? And now most of the former Warsaw Pact nations are in NATO and the European Union. Some nations are not where we might like them to be. The war in Yugoslavia was contained, and even Greece and North Macedonia learned to live with each other. However, conflict continues – in the Middle East, between Israeli and Palestinian, between Saudis and Yemenis, in Iraq between Sunnis and Shiites, in Syria between Assad and his people, in Africa, in Myanmar, in Afghanistan, and so forth.
The point is, conflict is always present. If we allow it to, it will become destructive. But it does not have to be. We can find more peaceful ways to live. We can move from entrenched positions to overlapping interests. We can engage in discourse, and if all else fails, ask a disinterested third party to adjudicate it. As Churchill said, ‘Meeting jaw to jaw is better than war.’ This was misquoted by Harold Macmillan in 1954 as: “Jaw, jaw is better than war, war,” but the sentiment is the same.
Christ’s Approach to Conflict
As Christians we are called not to be in conflict, but to be able to manage it with love and compassion. In the resolution of our differences we need to affirm the image of God in others and not be led into demonizing the other. As bizarre as it may seem, like Jesus we have a responsibility to our opponent and our oppressor, to love and to pray for our enemies.
It seems to me that knowing how to manage conflict in God’s way his is a key to evangelism. We can spread the seed, but it needs good soil in which to grow. By the way in which we deal with the difficult situations of life may people see our good works and give glory to God. May we be that rich soil into which the seed falls, so that it may grow abundantly.
The story of Esau and Jacob has a happy ending. Jacob, ever the trickster, returns to the Promised Land after many adventures in Syria and Iraq. He is still afraid of his brother, and sends him gifts. Then, as he approaches, he sends his flocks and large family before him, with him last of all, just in case he needs to skedaddle away. But it is all for nought – in chapter 33 we read, “But Esau ran to meet him, and embraced him, and fell on his neck and kissed him, and they wept.” Esau does not want or need the gifts, but takes them at Jacob’s insistence, and the two brothers go in peace. The next time we hear of them together is when they bury Isaac, their father. May we find peace and reconciliation in following in the footsteps of Jesus.
Ron and I used to attend the lovely church of St Thomas when we lived in Kokkino Chorio. We joined the zoom service this morning but the sound was very distorted and we had to give up part way through.our love to Julia and all our other friends there.
I’m sorry that you and Ron, and all the others joining in by Zoom had such a distorted experience. We are still figuring out how all of this comes together. Currently we are working with one phone as an internet hotspot, another as a camera, and a computer as the control. This may not be the most efficient system in terms of data, nor does it necessarily give it the best sound and video. I am hoping that I will be able to have a conversation with consultant very soon about how we can improve the live stream.
One idea is to have a more stable internet connection, and whether Zoom is the best platform. Another is that we use microphones for readers and whoever is leading the service, all connected into some sort of a mixer that maintains sound quality, without being overwhelmed by the ambient sound of the cicadas.
God be with you,
This post presents me and I’m sure many others, with real difficulties! The resolution of conflict can only succeed if all parties sign up for the rest of their lives! The process must be one that continues for many generations where honesty and justice are at the centre of all political life and can be seen to be done by ordinary people!
I agree. The reality of being a Christian is that we are committed to living life of reconciliation; as God reconciled the world through himself in Christ Jesus, so God works in the Body of Christ to bring about healing and peace. But, yes, it does take all parties to work at it.
It is very difficult when a party in the conflict a) does not see the conflict or b) fails to see the harm done, or c) does not want a resolution to the conflict. That’s when it is really important that we pray for our enemies (those who wish us ill), and still remain open to dialogue. Sometimes, say, with an abusive psychopath, the most loving thing to do is to remove that person from the context where they can do harm, and invite them to change their ways; that person may not see any action around this to be loving or helpful, as it may involve termination of work or (worst case scenario) incarceration, and an invitation to repentance may just seem like guilt-tripping. This is why large, systemic conflict is indeed the work of many generations. The conflict in my home of Canada between indigenous and settler peoples is of that type. Canadians are starting to rewrite their histories and acknowledge our genocidal legacy – but very slowly. Real justice, real reconciliation and healing, will take decades.
God be with you,
Bruce, thank you! Still, at 70 years of age, I continue to search for answers!